The Province of Limburg

The province of Limburg was different of that of the other provinces of the Netherlands. Dropping down and surrounded on three sides by France and Germany, the people were described as “un-Netherlandish,” and were predominantly Roman Catholic. All of these difference also affected their fashion.

The women of Limburg were often dressed in black or dark colors. While the silhouette followed the normal fashion trends, the colors were different, and on the front of the bodice there could be black beading, as well as heavy pleating in the sleeves. They would also wear shawls that were more bright colors, like red or gold, and oftentimes with patterns on them.


One of the bigger identifiers of the Limburg costume, though, was the hat. The hat women wore were in the same style as the Brabant "poffermuts" (literally, "puffy hat"). This style was like a platform on top of the head, with lace hanging down on the sides and the back. On top of this platform was a wreath of artificial flowers and lace or tulle known as a toer.

Another costume from the region was that from the village of Stein. This followed a lot of the same patterns from the usual costume of Limburg, but the colors were often brighter and a woolen shawl, which was known as a kasjmierdock would be tucked into a silk apron. The skirt would also be striped and the sleeve puffed instead of pleated. Instead of a puffy hat, women would wear a hoofdock, or a “head kerchief,” which was more bandana-like. This costume was less of a Dutch style and could be more closely compared to the style of that of eastern European immigrants.

The men of Limburg also varied a little from the usual style. The coats they wore were longer, reaching to mid-thigh or the knees. The men did not wear stockings but pants, that could either be black or striped. They would also wear flat hats.